Relief masks found in ancient theater in southern Turkey | Partners | Belarus News | Belarusian News | Belarus today | news in Belarus | Minsk News
OSMANIYE, January 10 (BelTA – Anadolu Agensy). – Turkish archaeologists have unearthed 10 relief masks depicting comedies and tragedies performed in the ancient city of Castabala, which dates back to 500 BC.
Castabala, located 12 kilometers (7.45 miles) from downtown Osmaniye Province, has survived to the present day with its colonnaded street, theater, baths, churches and historic castle.
“These masks represent the plays and comedy performed in the theater,” Anadolu Faris Demir, an academician from Osmaniye Korkut Ata University who is leading the excavations in the ancient city, told the agency.
Noting that funny expressions are depicted in masks for comedy plays and spooky facial expressions are depicted for tragedy plays, Demir said that among the masks depicted, the Pan Goat attracted attention.
He said that Castabala is the most important and the only sacred city in Cilicia (modern southern Turkey).
While the theatrical part of the ancient city was largely unearthed during excavations conducted last year, it was determined that the masks found represented the plays staged at that time, and sullen masks were made for drama and smiley masks for comedy.
“In 2020, we started excavations in the area of the theater, which is the most important structure in the city. In a short period of two years, we revealed a lot of the theater, ”said Demir.
Noting that in the theater area, the orchestra, the stage building and the parados – the entry routes on both sides of the orchestra – which provide the entrance to the theater have been exhibited to a large extent, Demir said: “Many architectural pieces belonging to the theater have been moved to the stone sorting area for restoration and conservation purposes.
“One of the important remains that we have found is the floor of the engraved statue dedicated to the Roman Emperor Hadrian by the People’s Assembly,” he added.